Moabites
Numbers 21:29
"Woe to you, O Moab! You are ruined, O people of Chemosh! He has given his sons as fugitives, And his daughters into captivity, To an Amorite king, Sihon.
Numbers 22:1-41
1
Then the sons of Israel journeyed, and camped in the plains of Moab beyond the Jordan [opposite] Jericho.
2
Now Balak the son of Zippor saw all that Israel had done to the Amorites.
3
So Moab was in great fear because of the people, for they were numerous; and Moab was in dread of the sons of Israel.
4
Moab said to the elders of Midian, "Now this horde will lick up all that is around us, as the ox licks up the grass of the field." And Balak the son of Zippor was king of Moab at that time.
5
So he sent messengers to Balaam the son of Beor, at Pethor, which is near the River, [in] the land of the sons of his people, to call him, saying, "Behold, a people came out of Egypt; behold, they cover the surface of the land, and they are living opposite me.
6
"Now, therefore, please come, curse this people for me since they are too mighty for me; perhaps I may be able to defeat them and drive them out of the land. For I know that he whom you bless is blessed, and he whom you curse is cursed."
7
So the elders of Moab and the elders of Midian departed with the [fees for] divination in their hand; and they came to Balaam and repeated Balak's words to him.
8
He said to them, "Spend the night here, and I will bring word back to you as the LORD may speak to me." And the leaders of Moab stayed with Balaam.
9
Then God came to Balaam and said, "Who are these men with you?"
10
Balaam said to God, "Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, has sent [word] to me,
11
'Behold, there is a people who came out of Egypt and they cover the surface of the land; now come, curse them for me; perhaps I may be able to fight against them and drive them out.'"
12
God said to Balaam, "Do not go with them; you shall not curse the people, for they are blessed."
13
So Balaam arose in the morning and said to Balak's leaders, "Go back to your land, for the LORD has refused to let me go with you."
14
The leaders of Moab arose and went to Balak and said, "Balaam refused to come with us."
15
Then Balak again sent leaders, more numerous and more distinguished than the former.
16
They came to Balaam and said to him, "Thus says Balak the son of Zippor, 'Let nothing, I beg you, hinder you from coming to me;
17
for I will indeed honor you richly, and I will do whatever you say to me. Please come then, curse this people for me.'"
18
Balaam replied to the servants of Balak, "Though Balak were to give me his house full of silver and gold, I could not do anything, either small or great, contrary to the command of the LORD my God.
19
"Now please, you also stay here tonight, and I will find out what else the LORD will speak to me."
20
God came to Balaam at night and said to him, "If the men have come to call you, rise up [and] go with them; but only the word which I speak to you shall you do."
21
So Balaam arose in the morning, and saddled his donkey and went with the leaders of Moab.
22
But God was angry because he was going, and the angel of the LORD took his stand in the way as an adversary against him. Now he was riding on his donkey and his two servants were with him.
23
When the donkey saw the angel of the LORD standing in the way with his drawn sword in his hand, the donkey turned off from the way and went into the field; but Balaam struck the donkey to turn her back into the way.
24
Then the angel of the LORD stood in a narrow path of the vineyards, [with] a wall on this side and a wall on that side.
25
When the donkey saw the angel of the LORD, she pressed herself to the wall and pressed Balaam's foot against the wall, so he struck her again.
26
The angel of the LORD went further, and stood in a narrow place where there was no way to turn to the right hand or the left.
27
When the donkey saw the angel of the LORD, she lay down under Balaam; so Balaam was angry and struck the donkey with his stick.
28
And the LORD opened the mouth of the donkey, and she said to Balaam, "What have I done to you, that you have struck me these three times?"
29
Then Balaam said to the donkey, "Because you have made a mockery of me! If there had been a sword in my hand, I would have killed you by now."
30
The donkey said to Balaam, "Am I not your donkey on which you have ridden all your life to this day? Have I ever been accustomed to do so to you?" And he said, "No."
31
Then the LORD opened the eyes of Balaam, and he saw the angel of the LORD standing in the way with his drawn sword in his hand; and he bowed all the way to the ground.
32
The angel of the LORD said to him, "Why have you struck your donkey these three times? Behold, I have come out as an adversary, because your way was contrary to me.
33
"But the donkey saw me and turned aside from me these three times. If she had not turned aside from me, I would surely have killed you just now, and let her live."
34
Balaam said to the angel of the LORD, "I have sinned, for I did not know that you were standing in the way against me. Now then, if it is displeasing to you, I will turn back."
35
But the angel of the LORD said to Balaam, "Go with the men, but you shall speak only the word which I tell you." So Balaam went along with the leaders of Balak.
36
When Balak heard that Balaam was coming, he went out to meet him at the city of Moab, which is on the Arnon border, at the extreme end of the border.
37
Then Balak said to Balaam, "Did I not urgently send to you to call you? Why did you not come to me? Am I really unable to honor you?"
38
So Balaam said to Balak, "Behold, I have come now to you! Am I able to speak anything at all? The word that God puts in my mouth, that I shall speak."
39
And Balaam went with Balak, and they came to Kiriath-huzoth.
40
Balak sacrificed oxen and sheep, and sent [some] to Balaam and the leaders who were with him.
41
Then it came about in the morning that Balak took Balaam and brought him up to the high places of Baal, and he saw from there a portion of the people.
Numbers 24:1-25
1
When Balaam saw that it pleased the LORD to bless Israel, he did not go as at other times to seek omens but he set his face toward the wilderness.
2
And Balaam lifted up his eyes and saw Israel camping tribe by tribe; and the Spirit of God came upon him.
3
He took up his discourse and said, "The oracle of Balaam the son of Beor, And the oracle of the man whose eye is opened;
4
The oracle of him who hears the words of God, Who sees the vision of the Almighty, Falling down, yet having his eyes uncovered,
5
How fair are your tents, O Jacob, Your dwellings, O Israel!
6
"Like valleys that stretch out, Like gardens beside the river, Like aloes planted by the LORD, Like cedars beside the waters.
7
"Water will flow from his buckets, And his seed [will be] by many waters, And his king shall be higher than Agag, And his kingdom shall be exalted.
8
"God brings him out of Egypt, He is for him like the horns of the wild ox. He will devour the nations [who are] his adversaries, And will crush their bones in pieces, And shatter [them] with his arrows.
9
"He couches, he lies down as a lion, And as a lion, who dares rouse him? Blessed is everyone who blesses you, And cursed is everyone who curses you."
10
Then Balak's anger burned against Balaam, and he struck his hands together; and Balak said to Balaam, "I called you to curse my enemies, but behold, you have persisted in blessing them these three times!
11
"Therefore, flee to your place now. I said I would honor you greatly, but behold, the LORD has held you back from honor."
12
Balaam said to Balak, "Did I not tell your messengers whom you had sent to me, saying,
13
'Though Balak were to give me his house full of silver and gold, I could not do anything contrary to the command of the LORD, either good or bad, of my own accord. What the LORD speaks, that I will speak '?
14
"And now, behold, I am going to my people; come, [and] I will advise you what this people will do to your people in the days to come."
15
He took up his discourse and said, "The oracle of Balaam the son of Beor, And the oracle of the man whose eye is opened,
16
The oracle of him who hears the words of God, And knows the knowledge of the Most High, Who sees the vision of the Almighty, Falling down, yet having his eyes uncovered.
17
"I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near; A star shall come forth from Jacob, A scepter shall rise from Israel, And shall crush through the forehead of Moab, And tear down all the sons of Sheth.
18
"Edom shall be a possession, Seir, its enemies, also will be a possession, While Israel performs valiantly.
19
"One from Jacob shall have dominion, And will destroy the remnant from the city."
20
And he looked at Amalek and took up his discourse and said, "Amalek was the first of the nations, But his end [shall be] destruction."
21
And he looked at the Kenite, and took up his discourse and said, "Your dwelling place is enduring, And your nest is set in the cliff.
22
"Nevertheless Kain will be consumed; How long will Asshur keep you captive?"
23
Then he took up his discourse and said, "Alas, who can live except God has ordained it?
24
"But ships [shall come] from the coast of Kittim, And they shall afflict Asshur and will afflict Eber; So they also [will come] to destruction."
25
Then Balaam arose and departed and returned to his place, and Balak also went his way.
Deuteronomy 2:9
"Then the LORD said to me, 'Do not harass Moab, nor provoke them to war, for I will not give you any of their land as a possession, because I have given Ar to the sons of Lot as a possession.
Deuteronomy 2:19
'When you come opposite the sons of Ammon, do not harass them nor provoke them, for I will not give you any of the land of the sons of Ammon as a possession, because I have given it to the sons of Lot as a possession.'
Deuteronomy 23:3
"No Ammonite or Moabite shall enter the assembly of the LORD; none of their [descendants], even to the tenth generation, shall ever enter the assembly of the LORD,
Judges 3:1-31
1
Now these are the nations which the LORD left, to test Israel by them ([that is], all who had not experienced any of the wars of Canaan;
2
only in order that the generations of the sons of Israel might be taught war, those who had not experienced it formerly).
3
[These nations are]: the five lords of the Philistines and all the Canaanites and the Sidonians and the Hivites who lived in Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal-hermon as far as Lebo-hamath.
4
They were for testing Israel, to find out if they would obey the commandments of the LORD, which He had commanded their fathers through Moses.
5
The sons of Israel lived among the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites;
6
and they took their daughters for themselves as wives, and gave their own daughters to their sons, and served their gods.
7
The sons of Israel did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, and forgot the LORD their God and served the Baals and the Asheroth.
8
Then the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, so that He sold them into the hands of Cushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia; and the sons of Israel served Cushan-rishathaim eight years.
9
When the sons of Israel cried to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for the sons of Israel to deliver them, Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.
10
The Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he judged Israel. When he went out to war, the LORD gave Cushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand, so that he prevailed over Cushan-rishathaim.
11
Then the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.
12
Now the sons of Israel again did evil in the sight of the LORD. So the LORD strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of the LORD.
13
And he gathered to himself the sons of Ammon and Amalek; and he went and defeated Israel, and they possessed the city of the palm trees.
14
The sons of Israel served Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years.
15
But when the sons of Israel cried to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for them, Ehud the son of Gera, the Benjamite, a left-handed man. And the sons of Israel sent tribute by him to Eglon the king of Moab.
16
Ehud made himself a sword which had two edges, a cubit in length, and he bound it on his right thigh under his cloak.
17
He presented the tribute to Eglon king of Moab. Now Eglon was a very fat man.
18
It came about when he had finished presenting the tribute, that he sent away the people who had carried the tribute.
19
But he himself turned back from the idols which were at Gilgal, and said, "I have a secret message for you, O king." And he said, "Keep silence." And all who attended him left him.
20
Ehud came to him while he was sitting alone in his cool roof chamber. And Ehud said, "I have a message from God for you." And he arose from his seat.
21
Ehud stretched out his left hand, took the sword from his right thigh and thrust it into his belly.
22
The handle also went in after the blade, and the fat closed over the blade, for he did not draw the sword out of his belly; and the refuse came out.
23
Then Ehud went out into the vestibule and shut the doors of the roof chamber behind him, and locked [them].
24
When he had gone out, his servants came and looked, and behold, the doors of the roof chamber were locked; and they said, "He is only relieving himself in the cool room."
25
They waited until they became anxious; but behold, he did not open the doors of the roof chamber. Therefore they took the key and opened them, and behold, their master had fallen to the floor dead.
26
Now Ehud escaped while they were delaying, and he passed by the idols and escaped to Seirah.
27
It came about when he had arrived, that he blew the trumpet in the hill country of Ephraim; and the sons of Israel went down with him from the hill country, and he [was] in front of them.
28
He said to them, "Pursue [them], for the LORD has given your enemies the Moabites into your hands." So they went down after him and seized the fords of the Jordan opposite Moab, and did not allow anyone to cross.
29
They struck down at that time about ten thousand Moabites, all robust and valiant men; and no one escaped.
30
So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land was undisturbed for eighty years.
31
After him came Shamgar the son of Anath, who struck down six hundred Philistines with an oxgoad; and he also saved Israel.
Ruth 4:10
"Moreover, I have acquired Ruth the Moabitess, the widow of Mahlon, to be my wife in order to raise up the name of the deceased on his inheritance, so that the name of the deceased will not be cut off from his brothers or from the court of his [birth] place; you are witnesses today."
2 Samuel 8:1-18
1
Now after this it came about that David defeated the Philistines and subdued them; and David took control of the chief city from the hand of the Philistines.
2
He defeated Moab, and measured them with the line, making them lie down on the ground; and he measured two lines to put to death and one full line to keep alive. And the Moabites became servants to David, bringing tribute.
3
Then David defeated Hadadezer, the son of Rehob king of Zobah, as he went to restore his rule at the River.
4
David captured from him 1,700 horsemen and 20,000 foot soldiers; and David hamstrung the chariot horses, but reserved [enough] of them for 100 chariots.
5
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer, king of Zobah, David killed 22,000 Arameans.
6
Then David put garrisons among the Arameans of Damascus, and the Arameans became servants to David, bringing tribute. And the LORD helped David wherever he went.
7
David took the shields of gold which were carried by the servants of Hadadezer and brought them to Jerusalem.
8
From Betah and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, King David took a very large amount of bronze.
9
Now when Toi king of Hamath heard that David had defeated all the army of Hadadezer,
10
Toi sent Joram his son to King David to greet him and bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him; for Hadadezer had been at war with Toi. And [Joram] brought with him articles of silver, of gold and of bronze.
11
King David also dedicated these to the LORD, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated from all the nations which he had subdued:
12
from Aram and Moab and the sons of Ammon and the Philistines and Amalek, and from the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.
13
So David made a name [for himself] when he returned from killing 18,000 Arameans in the Valley of Salt.
14
He put garrisons in Edom. In all Edom he put garrisons, and all the Edomites became servants to David. And the LORD helped David wherever he went.
15
So David reigned over all Israel; and David administered justice and righteousness for all his people.
16
Joab the son of Zeruiah [was] over the army, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud [was] recorder.
17
Zadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar [were] priests, and Seraiah [was] secretary.
18
Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief ministers.
2 Kings 3:1-27
1
Now Jehoram the son of Ahab became king over Israel at Samaria in the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned twelve years.
2
He did evil in the sight of the LORD, though not like his father and his mother; for he put away the [sacred] pillar of Baal which his father had made.
3
Nevertheless, he clung to the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, which he made Israel sin; he did not depart from them.
4
Now Mesha king of Moab was a sheep breeder, and used to pay the king of Israel 100,000 lambs and the wool of 100,000 rams.
5
But when Ahab died, the king of Moab rebelled against the king of Israel.
6
And King Jehoram went out of Samaria at that time and mustered all Israel.
7
Then he went and sent [word] to Jehoshaphat the king of Judah, saying, "The king of Moab has rebelled against me. Will you go with me to fight against Moab?" And he said, "I will go up; I am as you are, my people as your people, my horses as your horses."
8
He said, "Which way shall we go up?" And he answered, "The way of the wilderness of Edom."
9
So the king of Israel went with the king of Judah and the king of Edom; and they made a circuit of seven days' journey, and there was no water for the army or for the cattle that followed them.
10
Then the king of Israel said, "Alas! For the LORD has called these three kings to give them into the hand of Moab."
11
But Jehoshaphat said, "Is there not a prophet of the LORD here, that we may inquire of the LORD by him?" And one of the king of Israel's servants answered and said, "Elisha the son of Shaphat is here, who used to pour water on the hands of Elijah."
12
Jehoshaphat said, "The word of the LORD is with him." So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat and the king of Edom went down to him.
13
Now Elisha said to the king of Israel, "What do I have to do with you? Go to the prophets of your father and to the prophets of your mother." And the king of Israel said to him, "No, for the LORD has called these three kings [together] to give them into the hand of Moab."
14
Elisha said, "As the LORD of hosts lives, before whom I stand, were it not that I regard the presence of Jehoshaphat the king of Judah, I would not look at you nor see you.
15
"But now bring me a minstrel." And it came about, when the minstrel played, that the hand of the LORD came upon him.
16
He said, "Thus says the LORD, 'Make this valley full of trenches.'
17
"For thus says the LORD, 'You shall not see wind nor shall you see rain; yet that valley shall be filled with water, so that you shall drink, both you and your cattle and your beasts.
18
'This is but a slight thing in the sight of the LORD; He will also give the Moabites into your hand.
19
'Then you shall strike every fortified city and every choice city, and fell every good tree and stop all springs of water, and mar every good piece of land with stones.'"
20
It happened in the morning about the time of offering the sacrifice, that behold, water came by the way of Edom, and the country was filled with water.
21
Now all the Moabites heard that the kings had come up to fight against them. And all who were able to put on armor and older were summoned and stood on the border.
22
They rose early in the morning, and the sun shone on the water, and the Moabites saw the water opposite [them] as red as blood.
23
Then they said, "This is blood; the kings have surely fought together, and they have slain one another. Now therefore, Moab, to the spoil!"
24
But when they came to the camp of Israel, the Israelites arose and struck the Moabites, so that they fled before them; and they went forward into the land, slaughtering the Moabites.
25
Thus they destroyed the cities; and each one threw a stone on every piece of good land and filled it. So they stopped all the springs of water and felled all the good trees, until in Kir-hareseth [only] they left its stones; however, the slingers went about [it] and struck it.
26
When the king of Moab saw that the battle was too fierce for him, he took with him 700 men who drew swords, to break through to the king of Edom; but they could not.
27
Then he took his oldest son who was to reign in his place, and offered him as a burnt offering on the wall. And there came great wrath against Israel, and they departed from him and returned to their own land.