in the feasts
Leviticus 23:1-44
1
The LORD spoke again to Moses, saying,
2
"Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, 'The LORD'S appointed times which you shall proclaim as holy convocations-- My appointed times are these:
3
'For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall not do any work; it is a sabbath to the LORD in all your dwellings.
4
'These are the appointed times of the LORD, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at the times appointed for them.
5
'In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight is the LORD'S Passover.
6
'Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the LORD; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread.
7
'On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.
8
'But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the LORD. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.'"
9
Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
10
"Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, 'When you enter the land which I am going to give to you and reap its harvest, then you shall bring in the sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest.
11
'He shall wave the sheaf before the LORD for you to be accepted; on the day after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
12
'Now on the day when you wave the sheaf, you shall offer a male lamb one year old without defect for a burnt offering to the LORD.
13
'Its grain offering shall then be two-tenths [of an ephah] of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering by fire to the LORD [for] a soothing aroma, with its drink offering, a fourth of a hin of wine.
14
'Until this same day, until you have brought in the offering of your God, you shall eat neither bread nor roasted grain nor new growth. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places.
15
'You shall also count for yourselves from the day after the sabbath, from the day when you brought in the sheaf of the wave offering; there shall be seven complete sabbaths.
16
'You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh sabbath; then you shall present a new grain offering to the LORD.
17
'You shall bring in from your dwelling places two [loaves] of bread for a wave offering, made of two-tenths [of an] [ephah]; they shall be of a fine flour, baked with leaven as first fruits to the LORD.
18
'Along with the bread you shall present seven one year old male lambs without defect, and a bull of the herd and two rams; they are to be a burnt offering to the LORD, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to the LORD.
19
'You shall also offer one male goat for a sin offering and two male lambs one year old for a sacrifice of peace offerings.
20
'The priest shall then wave them with the bread of the first fruits for a wave offering with two lambs before the LORD; they are to be holy to the LORD for the priest.
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'On this same day you shall make a proclamation as well; you are to have a holy convocation. You shall do no laborious work. It is to be a perpetual statute in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.
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'When you reap the harvest of your land, moreover, you shall not reap to the very corners of your field nor gather the gleaning of your harvest; you are to leave them for the needy and the alien. I am the LORD your God.'"
23
Again the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
24
"Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'In the seventh month on the first of the month you shall have a rest, a reminder by blowing [of trumpets], a holy convocation.
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'You shall not do any laborious work, but you shall present an offering by fire to the LORD.'"
26
The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
27
"On exactly the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of atonement; it shall be a holy convocation for you, and you shall humble your souls and present an offering by fire to the LORD.
28
"You shall not do any work on this same day, for it is a day of atonement, to make atonement on your behalf before the LORD your God.
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"If there is any person who will not humble himself on this same day, he shall be cut off from his people.
30
"As for any person who does any work on this same day, that person I will destroy from among his people.
31
"You shall do no work at all. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places.
32
"It is to be a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your sabbath."
33
Again the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
34
"Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'On the fifteenth of this seventh month is the Feast of Booths for seven days to the LORD.
35
'On the first day is a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work of any kind.
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'For seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the LORD. On the eighth day you shall have a holy convocation and present an offering by fire to the LORD; it is an assembly. You shall do no laborious work.
37
'These are the appointed times of the LORD which you shall proclaim as holy convocations, to present offerings by fire to the LORD-- burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings, [each] day's matter on its own day--
38
besides [those of] the sabbaths of the LORD, and besides your gifts and besides all your votive and freewill offerings, which you give to the LORD.
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'On exactly the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the crops of the land, you shall celebrate the feast of the LORD for seven days, with a rest on the first day and a rest on the eighth day.
40
'Now on the first day you shall take for yourselves the foliage of beautiful trees, palm branches and boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook, and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God for seven days.
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'You shall thus celebrate it [as] a feast to the LORD for seven days in the year. It [shall be] a perpetual statute throughout your generations; you shall celebrate it in the seventh month.
42
'You shall live in booths for seven days; all the native-born in Israel shall live in booths,
43
so that your generations may know that I had the sons of Israel live in booths when I brought them out from the land of Egypt. I am the LORD your God.'"
44
So Moses declared to the sons of Israel the appointed times of the LORD.
Numbers 15:1-41
1
Now the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2
"Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, 'When you enter the land where you are to live, which I am giving you,
3
then make an offering by fire to the LORD, a burnt offering or a sacrifice to fulfill a special vow, or as a freewill offering or in your appointed times, to make a soothing aroma to the LORD, from the herd or from the flock.
4
'The one who presents his offering shall present to the LORD a grain offering of one-tenth [of an ephah] of fine flour mixed with one-fourth of a hin of oil,
5
and you shall prepare wine for the drink offering, one-fourth of a hin, with the burnt offering or for the sacrifice, for each lamb.
6
'Or for a ram you shall prepare as a grain offering two-tenths [of an ephah] of fine flour mixed with one-third of a hin of oil;
7
and for the drink offering you shall offer one-third of a hin of wine as a soothing aroma to the LORD.
8
'When you prepare a bull as a burnt offering or a sacrifice, to fulfill a special vow, or for peace offerings to the LORD,
9
then you shall offer with the bull a grain offering of three-tenths [of an ephah] of fine flour mixed with one-half a hin of oil;
10
and you shall offer as the drink offering one-half a hin of wine as an offering by fire, as a soothing aroma to the LORD.
11
'Thus it shall be done for each ox, or for each ram, or for each of the male lambs, or of the goats.
12
'According to the number that you prepare, so you shall do for everyone according to their number.
13
'All who are native shall do these things in this manner, in presenting an offering by fire, as a soothing aroma to the LORD.
14
'If an alien sojourns with you, or one who may be among you throughout your generations, and he [wishes to] make an offering by fire, as a soothing aroma to the LORD, just as you do so he shall do.
15
'[As for] the assembly, there shall be one statute for you and for the alien who sojourns [with you], a perpetual statute throughout your generations; as you are, so shall the alien be before the LORD.
16
'There is to be one law and one ordinance for you and for the alien who sojourns with you.'"
17
Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
18
"Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, 'When you enter the land where I bring you,
19
then it shall be, that when you eat of the food of the land, you shall lift up an offering to the LORD.
20
'Of the first of your dough you shall lift up a cake as an offering; as the offering of the threshing floor, so you shall lift it up.
21
'From the first of your dough you shall give to the LORD an offering throughout your generations.
22
'But when you unwittingly fail and do not observe all these commandments, which the LORD has spoken to Moses,
23
[even] all that the LORD has commanded you through Moses, from the day when the LORD gave commandment and onward throughout your generations,
24
then it shall be, if it is done unintentionally, without the knowledge of the congregation, that all the congregation shall offer one bull for a burnt offering, as a soothing aroma to the LORD, with its grain offering and its drink offering, according to the ordinance, and one male goat for a sin offering.
25
'Then the priest shall make atonement for all the congregation of the sons of Israel, and they will be forgiven; for it was an error, and they have brought their offering, an offering by fire to the LORD, and their sin offering before the LORD, for their error.
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'So all the congregation of the sons of Israel will be forgiven, with the alien who sojourns among them, for [it happened] to all the people through error.
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'Also if one person sins unintentionally, then he shall offer a one year old female goat for a sin offering.
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'The priest shall make atonement before the LORD for the person who goes astray when he sins unintentionally, making atonement for him that he may be forgiven.
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'You shall have one law for him who does [anything] unintentionally, for him who is native among the sons of Israel and for the alien who sojourns among them.
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'But the person who does [anything] defiantly, whether he is native or an alien, that one is blaspheming the LORD; and that person shall be cut off from among his people.
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'Because he has despised the word of the LORD and has broken His commandment, that person shall be completely cut off; his guilt [will be] on him.'"
32
Now while the sons of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man gathering wood on the sabbath day.
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Those who found him gathering wood brought him to Moses and Aaron and to all the congregation;
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and they put him in custody because it had not been declared what should be done to him.
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Then the LORD said to Moses, "The man shall surely be put to death; all the congregation shall stone him with stones outside the camp."
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So all the congregation brought him outside the camp and stoned him to death with stones, just as the LORD had commanded Moses.
37
The LORD also spoke to Moses, saying,
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"Speak to the sons of Israel, and tell them that they shall make for themselves tassels on the corners of their garments throughout their generations, and that they shall put on the tassel of each corner a cord of blue.
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"It shall be a tassel for you to look at and remember all the commandments of the LORD, so as to do them and not follow after your own heart and your own eyes, after which you played the harlot,
40
so that you may remember to do all My commandments and be holy to your God.
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"I am the LORD your God who brought you out from the land of Egypt to be your God; I am the LORD your God."
Numbers 28:1-29
1
Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2
"Command the sons of Israel and say to them, 'You shall be careful to present My offering, My food for My offerings by fire, of a soothing aroma to Me, at their appointed time.'
3
"You shall say to them, 'This is the offering by fire which you shall offer to the LORD: two male lambs one year old without defect [as] a continual burnt offering every day.
4
'You shall offer the one lamb in the morning and the other lamb you shall offer at twilight;
5
also a tenth of an ephah of fine flour for a grain offering, mixed with a fourth of a hin of beaten oil.
6
'It is a continual burnt offering which was ordained in Mount Sinai as a soothing aroma, an offering by fire to the LORD.
7
'Then the drink offering with it [shall be] a fourth of a hin for each lamb, in the holy place you shall pour out a drink offering of strong drink to the LORD.
8
'The other lamb you shall offer at twilight; as the grain offering of the morning and as its drink offering, you shall offer it, an offering by fire, a soothing aroma to the LORD.
9
'Then on the sabbath day two male lambs one year old without defect, and two-tenths [of an] [ephah] of fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering, and its drink offering:
10
'[This is] the burnt offering of every sabbath in addition to the continual burnt offering and its drink offering.
11
'Then at the beginning of each of your months you shall present a burnt offering to the LORD: two bulls and one ram, seven male lambs one year old without defect;
12
and three-tenths [of an] [ephah] of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering, for each bull; and two-tenths of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering, for the one ram;
13
and a tenth [of an] [ephah] of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering for each lamb, for a burnt offering of a soothing aroma, an offering by fire to the LORD.
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'Their drink offerings shall be half a hin of wine for a bull and a third of a hin for the ram and a fourth of a hin for a lamb; this is the burnt offering of each month throughout the months of the year.
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'And one male goat for a sin offering to the LORD; it shall be offered with its drink offering in addition to the continual burnt offering.
16
'Then on the fourteenth day of the first month shall be the LORD'S Passover.
17
'On the fifteenth day of this month [shall be] a feast, unleavened bread [shall be] eaten for seven days.
18
'On the first day [shall be] a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work.
19
'You shall present an offering by fire, a burnt offering to the LORD: two bulls and one ram and seven male lambs one year old, having them without defect.
20
'For their grain offering, you shall offer fine flour mixed with oil: three-tenths [of an] [ephah] for a bull and two-tenths for the ram.
21
'A tenth [of an] [ephah] you shall offer for each of the seven lambs;
22
and one male goat for a sin offering to make atonement for you.
23
'You shall present these besides the burnt offering of the morning, which is for a continual burnt offering.
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'After this manner you shall present daily, for seven days, the food of the offering by fire, of a soothing aroma to the LORD; it shall be presented with its drink offering in addition to the continual burnt offering.
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'On the seventh day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work.
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'Also on the day of the first fruits, when you present a new grain offering to the LORD in your [Feast of] Weeks, you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work.
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'You shall offer a burnt offering for a soothing aroma to the LORD: two young bulls, one ram, seven male lambs one year old;
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and their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil: three-tenths [of an] [ephah] for each bull, two-tenths for the one ram,
29
a tenth for each of the seven lambs;
Deuteronomy 16:1-22
1
"Observe the month of Abib and celebrate the Passover to the LORD your God, for in the month of Abib the LORD your God brought you out of Egypt by night.
2
"You shall sacrifice the Passover to the LORD your God from the flock and the herd, in the place where the LORD chooses to establish His name.
3
"You shall not eat leavened bread with it; seven days you shall eat with it unleavened bread, the bread of affliction (for you came out of the land of Egypt in haste), so that you may remember all the days of your life the day when you came out of the land of Egypt.
4
"For seven days no leaven shall be seen with you in all your territory, and none of the flesh which you sacrifice on the evening of the first day shall remain overnight until morning.
5
"You are not allowed to sacrifice the Passover in any of your towns which the LORD your God is giving you;
6
but at the place where the LORD your God chooses to establish His name, you shall sacrifice the Passover in the evening at sunset, at the time that you came out of Egypt.
7
"You shall cook and eat [it] in the place which the LORD your God chooses. In the morning you are to return to your tents.
8
"Six days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall be a solemn assembly to the LORD your God; you shall do no work [on it].
9
"You shall count seven weeks for yourself; you shall begin to count seven weeks from the time you begin to put the sickle to the standing grain.
10
"Then you shall celebrate the Feast of Weeks to the LORD your God with a tribute of a freewill offering of your hand, which you shall give just as the LORD your God blesses you;
11
and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you and your son and your daughter and your male and female servants and the Levite who is in your town, and the stranger and the orphan and the widow who are in your midst, in the place where the LORD your God chooses to establish His name.
12
"You shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt, and you shall be careful to observe these statutes.
13
"You shall celebrate the Feast of Booths seven days after you have gathered in from your threshing floor and your wine vat;
14
and you shall rejoice in your feast, you and your son and your daughter and your male and female servants and the Levite and the stranger and the orphan and the widow who are in your towns.
15
"Seven days you shall celebrate a feast to the LORD your God in the place which the LORD chooses, because the LORD your God will bless you in all your produce and in all the work of your hands, so that you will be altogether joyful.
16
"Three times in a year all your males shall appear before the LORD your God in the place which He chooses, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread and at the Feast of Weeks and at the Feast of Booths, and they shall not appear before the LORD empty-handed.
17
"Every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of the LORD your God which He has given you.
18
"You shall appoint for yourself judges and officers in all your towns which the LORD your God is giving you, according to your tribes, and they shall judge the people with righteous judgment.
19
"You shall not distort justice; you shall not be partial, and you shall not take a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and perverts the words of the righteous.
20
"Justice, [and only] justice, you shall pursue, that you may live and possess the land which the LORD your God is giving you.
21
"You shall not plant for yourself an Asherah of any kind of tree beside the altar of the LORD your God, which you shall make for yourself.
22
"You shall not set up for yourself a [sacred] pillar which the LORD your God hates.
the meat
Ezekiel 46:5
and the grain offering shall be an ephah with the ram, and the grain offering with the lambs as much as he is able to give, and a hin of oil with an ephah.
Ezekiel 46:7
"And he shall provide a grain offering, an ephah with the bull and an ephah with the ram, and with the lambs as much as he is able, and a hin of oil with an ephah.