" You have tried my heart, you have visited me by night, you have tested me, and you will find nothing; I have purposed that my mouth will not transgress" Psalm 17:3
The second way that David served as a type of Christ was through his personality. One may expect to see such a man of war have a hard and calloused outlook on life. David's warring ways may cause one to assume that he was a boisterous warlord, proud, rough, and confidently outspoken. Examining the Psalms; however, helps us really get to know David. The king was actually a meek and lowly man just as Jesus was (see Psalm 7:3-5; 25:9- 11; Matthew 11:29 and 21:5). David, like Jesus, was not one to advance personal ideas, opinions, or desires (see Psalm 25:45 and Luke 22:42).
David was also a man of righteousness and justice as is Jesus (see Psalm 4:5; 5:8-10). David did not merely go through the motions of being right and just he lived this way because it was what he loved and enjoyed in life (see Psalm 7:1, 17; 16:6-7; 18:20-23). David demanded righteousness and justice from not only his own self (Psalm 7:3-5) but of others too (Psalm 9:19-20). David would not be satisfied with a man until all obtained a state of righteousness and justice before the Lord (see Psalm 10:15). Those who would not speak or act in righteousness were not viewed well by the king. We could only imagine what David would say to one today that would approach him and talk about how ignorant everyone else is in comparison to themselves. Arrogance and a haughty spirit did not go over well with the king (see Psalm 2:9; 3: 7; 5:10; 10:15; 11:6 and 12:3). The reason it is so important to understand why David's life typified Christ's life is because we must all typify the life of Christ (see Romans 8:29). The more I know of Christ and his close associates, such as the apostles, the better equipped I will be to typify his life (1 Corinthians 11:1). David and Christ actually learned obedience and a meek spirit by the life of ill treatment they experienced (see Hebrews 5:8). Through Old and New Testament characters we learn how to be Christ like.
Christians can all relate to the special relationship David had with God. David was confident that God was always with him. The king writes, "But you are he that took me out of the womb; you did make me trust when I was upon my mothers breasts" (Psalm 21:9-10). David prayed and turned to God when times were great and at times when they were not so great. David believed that he and God were friends that could rely upon each other. The king writes, "The friendship of Jehovah is with them that fear him; and he will show them his covenant" (Psalm 25:14).
David knew that he was just as special to God as God was to him. David writes, "8 1 have set the LORD always before me; because he is at my right hand, I shall not be shaken" (Psalm 16:8). God granted all the desires of the king's heart. All of Israel even took note of the king's special care and relationship with God. Israel said, "2 you have given him his heart's desire and have not withheld the request of his lips. Selah... He asked life of thee, and you gave it to him, even length of days for ever and ever" (Psalm 21:2-4).
Perhaps the beauty of David's relationship with God is best seen at Psalm 23. The king writes, "The Lord is my shepherd I shall not want... " (Psalm 23:1). We have all felt that special relationship with God. We contemplate his great favor in our lives. He has granted us the desires of our heart. We are blessed beyond measure. We feel as though there is no tribulation too great to overcome when God is by our side. We do love him with all our hearts. Jesus said that the greatest commandment is to "Love the Lord God with all your heart" and such a command is something we embrace as did David (see Matthew 22:37).
John C Robertson